The Fallopian tubes, which are also referred to as the uterine tubes, salpinges or oviducts are a pair of 10 cm long and narrow tubes that connect the uterus to the ovary. They are located in the pelvic cavity that extends laterally from the superior edge corners of the uterus, passing superior to the ovaries. They have a ciliated cell and peg cell lining.
The Essential Role They Play in Women’s Health
The Fallopian tubes serve as a pathway for the female eggs or ova from the ovary all the way to the uterus during ovulation. If there is no sperm present, the egg or ovum will not attach itself to the lining of the uterus. The unfertilized egg and the lining are shed, which is during the time a female experiences her menstrual periods. If there is a sperm present, and the ovum is fertilized, it will form a zygote, which will travel all the remaining distance to implant in the lining of the Uterus.
How it contributes to female fertility
As aforementioned, the peg cells lineup the interior of Fallopian tubes. These produce a nutritious fluid that supplies nutrients to the sperm, eggs and zygote. They ciliated cells help to push the ovum towards the sperm to be fertilized, and once fertilization occurs, help to move the zygote towards the uterus to facilitate implantation. Each fallopian tube starts as a very narrow tube at the uterus and widens gradually as it stretches towards the ovary.
The fallopian tubes contain most of the same tissue layers as the womb, being continuous with the uterus. The serosa, a thin, outer covering of the oviduct consists of a serous membrane, made of squamous epithelial tissue, and supported by areolar connective tissue. The serosa secretes serous fluid, which lubricates the fallopian tubes and safeguards them from friction with adjacent organs.
An HSG test is a test designed for doctors to determine whether you have blocked fallopian tubes, and to examine the shape of the uterus.
Why is HSG Test Performed?
The HSG test is conducted to determine the fertility of women. Hysterosalpingogram is the full form of the term HST test. Many women suffer from abnormalities or blockages with their fallopian tubes. This test is very vital since it’s used to determine where and what type of blockage or abnormality is present, if any. The HSG test is a radiology test. It involves the use of a scanning machine which is often used to prepare the images of the fallopian tubes and the uterus. In order to perfectly and clearly identify and mark out these spots, a contrast material needs to be filled into them and it’s usually inserted through the vagina.
As the uterus fills, the X-ray pictures are taken. The test procedure proceeds as the specialist fills more fluid into the region. Fluid is ordinarily expected to pass out of the fallopian tubes. On the off chance that this does not happen, the tubes are considered to be blocked.
Cost, Results and Side Effects
The HSG test usually takes just a few minutes. Some women do experience anguish as they hurt from cramping in their belly during and immediately after the HSG test procedure. This pain is not something unusual as it’s considered to be very normal. There’re very few HSG test side effects.
Most women can go back to their normal lives within some few hours of the procedure once the HSG test pain has subsided. The HSG test may result to some allergic reaction as the woman’s body reacts to the contrast material; however, this is an extremely rare case.
Pregnancy test and HSG test are therefore related to each other since the HSG test is vital as an analytical tool to understand why a woman is finding it hard to successfully get pregnant. It is important to discuss all the aspects of the test with your doctor, including the cost, preparation and side effects before starting the test.
A woman is termed to be having blocked fallopian tubes when there is an obstruction that is preventing the egg to travel down the fallopian pipes.
Just like any other health condition, there are various signs of blocked fallopian tubes. These are:
- Unusual discharge. Abnormal discharge during the menstrual cycle maybe as a result of blocked fallopian tubes. The abnormality of the discharge can be detected by unusual color or smell. When a woman experiences these signs, she should visit a doctor for an examination since it can be as a result of some sexual transmitted diseases.
- Pelvic pain. This has been one of the most common symptoms where women with blocked fallopian tube(s) tend to experience pain in their pelvic area. The pain can sometimes be barely noticed since it is slight. However, it gets chronic in severe conditions.
- Infertility. Blocked fallopian tubes can lead to infertility. This is due to the fact that once the egg has been released from the ovary; it is unable to travel through the fallopian tube for fertilization to take place. This symptom is only reliable to people who have tried to conceive and failed. However, cases of one blocked fallopian tube might make the condition unnoticeable since conception can still take place.
- Irregular menstrual cycles. This normally results to longer menstrual cycles since the egg takes longer, to travel through the fallopian tube, than expected.
Bearing in mind that some of the signs of blocked fallopian pipes are hard to notice and not all women will experience them, you should always ensure that you have a schedule for regular checkups. This is due to the fact that these symptoms can cause serious health problems if they are not noticed and treated in time. Also, in case you notice any of the above mentioned symptoms, you should get a doctor’s appointment immediately as the condition is better of when taken care of at early stages.
Fertility among females is a virtue that if not possessed or disrupted, can cause concern in any family. There is a common cause for infertility among the ladies in the form of fluid in Fallopian tube. Basically, any of the dysfunction, inflammation, or blockage in the tube can be a cause for infertility. Ovary, Fallopian tubes, and uterus can all be affected by pelvic inflammatory disease. What actually happens is that the tubes are supposed to pass on the eggs from ovary to uterus, but is unable to do so properly due to swelling which can hamper pregnancy.
The common condition, known as hydrosalpinx, is when damage to the end portion of the tube becomes cause for it to be filled with fluid. This is when the diameter of the Fallopian tube increases due to the accumulation of fluid inside. Adhesions and scar tissue can be a regular cause for this condition among the women. Bacterial infection and sexual intercourse can be the cause of pelvic inflammatory disease, though there are other reasons as well. The reason the Fallopian tube is held in high regard is the fact that it is an irreplaceable part of the female reproduction system.
Keeping the Fallopian tube and the finger like organ called fimbria is vital for pregnancy, but infection or damage can occur in many instances. The physician can check for the blockage using x-ray or using a dye, injected in the cervix, if spilled in abdominal cavity proves there is no or only partial block. There are chances that the tube itself is not functional enough to transport an egg from the ovary. There is a chance for a surgical correction of the damage to the tube which depends on the condition of the patient. The doctor may suggest for IVF (In-vitro fertilization) depending on the condition and complete diagnosis.
Pregnancy in tube occur in one out of one hundred pregnancies. Despite that in the modern days, it is possible to treat the problem without operation, it is advisable to seek medical assistance when you start experiencing the symptoms. The symptoms usually develop around the sixth week of the pregnancy, which is about two weeks after missed period. However, they can also develop any time between four and ten weeks of the pregnancy or about the time a period is due. This article looks at some of the major pregnancy in tube symptoms.
One of the major symptoms experienced is pain on the lower side of the abdomen. The pain may be sharp and may get worse over several days and become severe later. You may also experience shoulder tip pain. This occurs due to leaking of blood into the abdomen and irritation of the diaphragm. In case the fallopian tube raptures, and lead to internal bleeding, you may experience severe pain or collapse. This is case that should be treated as emergency because the bleeding is usually severe.
This is a symptom that occurs, but not at all times. The bleeding is different from the one experienced during a period. For instance, the bleeding may be lighter or heavier than the one experienced during the monthly periods. The blood may also be darker than normal blood produced during periods. It is good to note that there may no be warning signs, for example, pain before the fallopian tube ruptures. Thus, collapse as a result of sudden internal bleeding is sometimes the first symptom of pregnancy in tube.
Other symptoms include feeling faint, diarrhea or pain when passing stool. It is advisable to consult your doctor immediately you start experiencing the above symptoms, to avoid further complications that may be fatal.
There lacks adequate statistics that reveal exactly how many couples suffer from infertility problems. One of the major causes of infertility is blocked fallopian tubes. If you have been diagnosed with blocked fallopian tubes, it is important for you to learn as much as possible about this. If you think you are infertile and suspecting that it could be problems with fallopian tubes, it is still important for you to learn the causes, the symptoms as well as possible treatment options.
what causes blocked fallopian tubes?
Your fallopian tubes usually provide safe passage of your eggs when they are traveling from the ovaries to the uterus. There are basically three things that cause blockage of your fallopian tubes namely:
· Pelvic inflammatory disease and
· Scar tissues, adhesion or damaged tubed ends
Do not be mistaken, even if you have been ovulating regularly, blocked fallopian tubes means that your eggs cannot be delivered to your uterus. That’s not all; the sperms of your partner cannot also get to your egg. Blocked fallopian tubes actually accounts for one third of women with fertility problems.
Symptoms of blocked fallopian tubes
Women suffering from blocked fallopian tubes may not show any signs at all. Nevertheless, depending on the cause of the blockage, you may experience painful menses, deep pain during sex as well as general pain in the pelvis.
Deciding the best way to treat blockage of fallopian tubes is a complex issue. This is particularly the case when there isn’t one clear answer. As stated above, the blockage might have been caused by one of three causes. Additionally, blockage may occur on various locations of the tube such as:
· Throughout the tube
· Towards the end of the tube (near the ovary)
· On the end of the tube where it’s connected with the uterus
The major treatment is normally IVF. If blockage is in a small area, there are possibilities that a minor operation would do. If blockage occurs on the whole tube, it is more difficult to repair through surgery. A laparoscopy may be performed on you after your doctor will be in a better position to propose the most appropriate treatment course. If you suspect tubal blockage, its best to consult a fertility expert as soon as possible, for your situation to be assessed in a timely manner.
These are diseases or disorders which hinder the ability of a woman to conceive. They may include any of the following:-
Hormonal imbalances as one of the diseases that cause infertility in women
This is one of the disorders which may hinder the process of ovulation thus affecting the fertility of a woman. Hormonal balance is very important if a woman is to conceive hence when there is an imbalance, the whole process is disrupted. This may lead to production of immature eggs by the woman hence not able to complete the whole process of fertilization even if the sperms are present. This disorder is sometimes referred to as anovalation making the ovulation process rare. Other disorders which may result due to hormonal imbalances may include; a malfunctioning pituitary gland and the hypothalamus.
Sexually transmitted diseases
Infections such as syphilis and gonorrhea among others may lead to the inflammation and blockage of the fallopian tube. Other infections such as pelvic inflammatory may lead to the inflammation of the fallopian tube leading to their damage and blockage. The fallopian tubes play a fundamental role when it comes to fertility in women. When blocked or damaged, the fertility of women is also affected greatly.
When there is physical damage to the ovaries, the process of ovulation may also be affected hence damaging fertility in women. Multiple surgeries, invasive surgeries and extensive surgeries to the ovaries may result to scarred ovaries. Ovarian cysts are also another factor which may cause damage to the ovaries leading to failed ovulation. Infections such as sexually transmitted diseases may also cause damage to the ovaries and in the long run the process of ovulation will be damaged leading to infertility in women.
This is a disorder or condition which is characterized by excess growth of the uterus lining commonly referred to as the endothelium. The woman experiences long, heavy and painful menstrual periods and rectal bleeding.
A fallopian tube pregnancy is simply when the egg gets or implants itself beyond the uterus cavity. In another words, it can be called ectopic pregnancy. In the medical world, this type of implantation is known as being dangerous. It is simply life-threatening for women suffering from this condition. From research and feasibility study, it is clear that only about one percent of women suffer from this type of problem. Bleeding remains one of the nagging signs of ectopic pregnancy. When the embryo starts to grow or develop within the lining of the fallopian tube, bleeding will ensue. This action can further constrict the vessels creating more pain to the sufferer. The internal bleeding will further lead to displacing the implantation. When this occurs, it is known as tubal miscarriages. Miscarriages will continue to occur because there is no medical intervention to the complication. If the implantation is allowed to stay in the tube over a long time, bleeding will be discovered excessively.
Research has not really proven the exact cause of this problem. It is common believed the destruction of the cilia can cause ectopic pregnancies. The cilia are located in the interior portion of the fallopian tube. The basic reason to this acceptance is that the cilia are responsible for transferring fertilized egg to the uterus. Congenital abnormalities can as well be the cause of ectopic pregnancies. In some cases, past fallopian tube surgeries or hormone imbalance can cause ectopic pregnancies as well. When the IVF treatments are damaged, there is every possibility for ectopic pregnancy to occur. It is rare for women with uterus infection or fallopian tube pelvis to experience ectopic pregnancies. From a medical view, it is clear that STD can as well be the main cause of ectopic pregnancies. With this simple explanation, you can be sure of likely cause of ectopic pregnancies.
Fallopian tube cancer is often a cancer which usually affects your uterine trompex the reproductive system system female. It can be more common intended for cancers towards diffusion with a fallopian tubing elsewhere throughout the human body in which to ensure a brand new cancers evolves inside the Fallopian tubing. The actual cancers involving Fallopian tubing usually assigns females relating to the ages involving 50 in addition to 59. The actual symptoms involving fallopian tubing cancers add some blood loss, your abdominal exercise. Cabdominal discomfort which is absolved by the penetration involving blood or a great aqueous release is an indicator involving cancers involving Fallopian tubing. Fallopian tubing cancers makes up about just 2% involving gynaecological varieties of cancer involving cancers.
The actual symptoms involving fallopian tubing cancers also can replicate these involving various other gynaecological issues. A few of the more common symptoms with this illness can incorporate your unusual blood loss, your abdominal discomfort or a experience involving stress inside the stomach, your unusual release which is light, crystal clear or rostre along with a pelvic bulk by the hour on the diagnosis, which is contained in until finally two-third involving affected individuals. The actual cancers involving Fallopian tubing usually assigns females relating to the ages involving 50 in addition to 59. It can be more common inside the White females who received minor or your aucuns children.
There is substantiation that girls who have passed down your gene linked with busts in addition to ovarian cancers, named BRCA1, can also be on a greater chance involving acquiring fallopian tubing cancers. The procedure would depend dimensions in addition to phase upon cancers, and if the item deviated together with various other sectors from your human body. The procedure to the cancers involving Fallopian tubing signifies generally your surgical procedure. The actual surgical procedure comprises generally your displacement on the uterus, your cervix, on the uterine trompex as well as the ovaries, a procedure named a total abdominal hysterectomy. The therapy involving chemotherapy is dependent upon how old you are, your own wish to have got children, just like the kind as well as the phase of one’s tumour.
Chemotherapy usually incorporates your paclitaxel (Taxol) as well as the carboplatin. Chemotherapy is called your systemic treatment method since medication penetrates your blood stream, moves from the human body and will destroy out from the tissue involving cancers in every the entire body. For many varieties of cancer, the radiation treatments pays to. With the cancers which usually deviated together with various other body parts, doing away with just as much cancers in which doable helps your bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy surgical procedure to clear out all the a pair of uterine trompex in addition to their particular ovaries, in addition to the epiploon.
Drugs and substance abuse has been rated as the greatest challenge that harbor the rise in the rate of infertility among the users without noticing. The age groups of between 20 – 40 years are worst hit by struggles in infertility having been found to abuse drugs. The major drugs associated to infertility cause are alcohol and tobacco, opium, poppy husk, heavy metals and ashes of burned tyres, among others. It has also been on debate that as more teenagers or young men start using banned drugs the rise in infertility is also witnessed. However much of the reproduction dysfunctions may be treatable though many youngsters do not notice as this takes place.
On the health sector a smaller percentage has been found o have un –explained infertility to either sperm problems in men ,Ovulation and fallopian tubes problems in ladies. The daily prescriptions and over the counter drugs , supplements and herbal or alternative treatments. Other drugs include, Androcur, Brenda, Cannabis, Cyprone, Charas, Cypostat and Cycloblastin. Most patients affected by infertility are advised to utilize their gynecologists to curb the problems before they escalate.
Doctors recommend injectable hormones only if Clomid may not work on its own. Some other recommended injectable hormones include Gonadotropin family of injections , Releasing hormone(GnRH), Human Menopousal (h MG)Follicle stimulating hormone among others as prescribed by the physician. Among others the the common fertility drugs include Clomipheme, Estradiol, HCG, HMG, Ganirelix ,Cetrolix, Progesterone Capsules, Progesterone suppositories, Mehl predinisolome and Leurolide. Other recommended drugs include Seropheme, to treat ovulatory.
Fermera, is intended for post menopausal women with breast cancer and in inducing ovulation. Follistin is used to stimulate the body and cause the ovaries to mature. The drugs are taken through injection. Fertinex which is extracted and purified from urine and is considered less potent than FSH and less expensive. Ovidrel is injectable and used to stimulate hormones in the body.