Category Archives: abnormalities

PCOS and Blocked Fallopian Tubes

Polycystic ovary syndrome, commonly shortened as PCOS, is an endocrine disorder that has a wide range of causes, all of which are still not understood completely in the medical world as we speak. Although the condition has been linked to a number of possible causes, it is by far and large believed to be a genetic disease.


According to the latest research findings, 5 out of every 10 women between the reproductive age of about 12 to 45 years have at least recorded PCOS symptoms. In fact as we speak, PCOS is actually thought be among the leading causes of subfertility and some of the most common endocrine problems in women, as well.


Apparently the most common symptoms of the condition include anovulation, insulin resistance and excessive production of androgenic hormones. For anovulation, the patient experiences irregular menstruation and amenorrhea, all of which result into ovulation-related infertility. Then there’s insulin resistance, which apparently stifles obesity, high cholesterol levels and type 2-diabetes. Closing the list of symptoms is the hormonal imbalance, which generally causes hirsutism and acne.



Like already mentioned, there’s a lot of uncertainty on the exact cause of the condition. But strong evidences point it as a genetic disease. For instance, there’s the familial clustering, the heritability of endocrine, and lastly, the greater concordance in monozygotic twins as compared to dizygotic ones, all of which link the condition with genetic issues.


Blocked Fallopian tube

The fallopian tube connects the two ovaries in a woman’s reproductive system to the uterus. In human reproduction, this is the exact spot where male sperm cells meet the egg for fertilization.


However, there are a number of conditions that can actually block the fallopian tube, and thus prevent fertilization from taking place. In fact, for fertilization to take place, the fallopian tube must be free of any form of obstruction and adhesion; otherwise, the egg will be blocked somewhere in the fallopian tube before it reaches the uterus.


Causes of blocked fallopian tube

The only practical implication of blocked fallopian tubes is decreased fertility, or lack thereof. And if one of the two fallopian tubes remains unblocked, then pregnancy is still very possible… yet blocked fallopian tubes have been marked as the major causes of infertility in women.


In some cases, when the tube is partially blocked, the sperm may find a way to reach the released egg. And if it happens to fertilize it, the fertilized egg may certainly not be able to reach the uterus to complete the transition, resulting into an ectopic pregnancy.

Fallopian Tube Pain

This article in particular centers on providing a solution to the basic questions one will probably have especially concerning fallopian tube pains. What is fallopian pain? What is the major cause pain in the fallopian tube? What could be the signs of pain in the fallopian? Why does someone experience pain?

Fallopian pain is a form of pain that occurs in the tubes and it occurs in almost one out of every five women during their childbearing years. Most of the time creating discomfort about 2 weeks just before the menstruation period, when an ovary releases an egg. The Intensity of pain in the fallopian tubes varies from one woman to the other. Some women will tell you that they feel mild discomfort; whereas others will tell you they feel serious cramping and pain. Soreness during this period can last for just a few minutes or at times days.

Fallopian tube pain can be a symptom of an underlying complex gynecological disorder, although this is not a general case to all the women. Nevertheless, prolonged, severe, fallopian tube pain deserves a visit to your doctor, since the exact cause of pain in the fallopian tube is still a mystery, although medical researchers have tried to come up with possibilities regarding this problem.

Most likely possibilities focus majorly on the ovarian follicles, in the sac-like structures that eggs develop. One of the theories explains that during ovulation period, the follicle bursts, releasing the ovum right into the fallopian tube. Some doctors suggest that one might experience when the follicle expands stretching out the membrane.

Some doctors will tell you that when the egg matures, it will automatically burst from the follicle, and this could result into internal bleeding, thus irritating the uterus lining, and thus causing pain in the fallopian tube.

Salpingitis – This begins with just like a small infection in a fallopian tube resulting into inflammation.

Twisted Fallopian Tubes: Causes and Treatmen

Fallopian tube torsion, more commonly known as twisted Fallopian tubes, is very difficult to diagnose. It causes acute pain in the lower abdomen, but has no other significant pathognomonic symptoms. There are also very limited findings from laboratory and imaging studies. Because of this, diagnosis has to rely mostly on past occurrence, history of pelvic surgeries and conditions, as well as pregnancy. To this day, early laparoscopy remains the standard in treatment and diagnosis.
The incidence of this condition is not known. Every year, only sporadic cases are documented. It almost never occurs during menopause or before menarche. The most common risk factors include ovarian infections, cysts, and surgery in the pelvic area. These statistics and frequencies support the theory that the torsion occurs mostly in females of reproductive age.

This rare gynecologic condition’s exact cause is still unknown. A number of studies, however, have posed theories and possible explanations. The torsion likely occurs with a non-intact tube, and often comes as a result of either a cyst or tumor in the ovaries. Some cases of twisted Fallopian tubes have also been reported after patients who have undergone surgical sterilization, mostly through the Pomeroy technique. Other conditions that have resulted to the torsion of the tubes include hematosalpinx, labor, fallopian tube primary carcinoma, and in premenarchal females with endometriosis.

Since the original Bland-Sutton description in 1890, hundreds of cases have been documented in literature. Still, the lack of symptoms, laboratory and imaging results, and clinical findings during physical examinations make the condition difficult to properly diagnose prior to surgery. If it is possible to preoperatively diagnose it, surgical intervention can be cancelled unless necessary. Laparotomy was the surgical choice of treatment and diagnosis in the past, where the pelvic area is opened up during operation to assess the condition of the tubes and the surrounding organs.

Common problems of artificial fallopian tubes

Research has shown that there is possibility of women starting to get artificial fallopian tubes whenever they have problems with their oviducts. However, the problems that comes with this new invention is still high. The following are the common problems with the medical procedure:

It can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) when the procedure is not monitored well. This means that women should always ensure that look for experienced doctors since the outcome will always affect their health. This condition has made many people to avoid the situation whenever they are looking for the best treatment for the problem.

Having an artificial fallopian tube can also lead to congenital abnormality. This is one common problem that many women often experience when giving birth time especially with the severe pain at their oviduct. However, they need to ensure that they look for the certified surgeons to reduce the effects of the problem.

It can also lead to low fertility rates among the women. The scars during the process may block the fertilized eggs right from moving away from the fallopian tubes to the womb. This may reduce the chances of a woman getting pregnant. Women who experience such problems need to visit a doctor for help on how they can have their pregnancies normally without problems. In the end, this should help them increase their fertility thus enabling them to give birth naturally.

When a woman has artificial fallopian tube, the chances of her having ectopic pregnancy is high. Research has also shown that when pregnancy that takes places on the oviduct, the dangerous are always high. In fact, in most cases the pregnancies are often terminated to protect the life of the woman.

In conclusion, the above information on common dangers of artificial fallopian tubes will help you make that decision on whether you need them or not.


Fallopian Tube Occlusion

ovarian cancerThe major cause of infertility in females is the fallopian tube occlusion, whereby the fallopian tubes fails to let the sperm and the ovum to fuse, in that the process of fertilization will not take place, there are a number of causes of fallopian tube occlusion and some of them are considered to be the major causes, one of the major cause is the pelvic inflammatory disease, this is an infection that will lead to the obstruction of the tube. More so it can be occluded by other infections after child birth, endometritis and also there is a permanent procedure whereby the patient is very healthy and in normal stable condition, in this case it is considered to be one of the methods of contraception.

Occlusion in the fallopian tubes can be checked by using a specialized x-ray which involves using a dye that is placed through the cervix by use of a tiny tube, the x-ray is then taken to check whether the dye has spilled up to the ovaries and if not then you may be having occlusion in the fallopian tubes.

There is an intervention treatment method of the occlusion of the fallopian tube, which is the recanalization of the fallopian tube; this is a process that is done to patients with occlusions in both or single tubes, this is a technical procedure whereby it is performed through the vagina and a speculum is then placed into the vagina so as to visualize the cervix, then a small tube is then placed into the uterus through the cervix, a second tube is then placed through the first tube which is then directed towards the area of interest in the fallopian tube, the opening in the fallopian tube is probed gently with a wire until it enters the tube, then the other process is then repeated by using the same steps to ensure that the fallopian tubes are open.

Fallopian Tube Infection

Fallopian tubes are part of the female reproductive system. They are located on either sides of the uterus and they connect the ovaries to the uterus and aid in transporting ova from the ovary to the uterus. They are also known as uterine tubes, oviduct or salpinges. Just like any organ in the human body, the fallopian tubes can get infected too. This can be as a result of inflammation of the pelvic or even bacterial infection like the mycoplasma, Chlamydia, straphylococcus, gonococcus or streptococcus.

Fallopian tube infections can be categorized into two; either severe or mild. The mild one in most cases precedes the severe one and in this case it lasts over a short period of time and there are no cases of infection or even seen symptoms. The infection can cause the blockage of the tubes which can result to cases of one not being able to get pregnant. This can be treated though by using the necessary medications to unblock them.

Another cause of infection can be as a result of abortion. This can be as a result of the procedure being done illegally and with the lack of a professional. Miscarriage is also a known cause as well as having sexual intercourse with STI infected person. Another cause can be appendicitis.

The signs and symptoms of an infection in the oviduct are:

  • Lower back pain
  • Painful ovulation and as well as painful sexual intercourse.
  • Smelly discharge from the vagina.
  • Frequent urination and fever like symptoms.
  • Abdominal pain during menstruation

The treatment that takes place involves the taking of antibiotics so as to rid the body of the bacteria causing the infection. The medication can comprise of different types of antibiotics depending on the severity of the case at hand. Surgery can also be an option if need be.

Details Of Fallopian Tube Pregnancy

A fallopian tube pregnancy is simply when the egg gets or implants itself beyond the uterus cavity. In another words, it can be called ectopic pregnancy. In the medical world, this type of implantation is known as being dangerous. It is simply life-threatening for women suffering from this condition. From research and feasibility study, it is clear that only about one percent of women suffer from this type of problem. Bleeding remains one of the nagging signs of ectopic pregnancy. When the embryo starts to grow or develop within the lining of the fallopian tube, bleeding will ensue. This action can further constrict the vessels creating more pain to the sufferer. The internal bleeding will further lead to displacing the implantation. When this occurs, it is known as tubal miscarriages. Miscarriages will continue to occur because there is no medical intervention to the complication. If the implantation is allowed to stay in the tube over a long time, bleeding will be discovered excessively.


Research has not really proven the exact cause of this problem. It is common believed the destruction of the cilia can cause ectopic pregnancies. The cilia are located in the interior portion of the fallopian tube. The basic reason to this acceptance is that the cilia are responsible for transferring fertilized egg to the uterus. Congenital abnormalities can as well be the cause of ectopic pregnancies. In some cases, past fallopian tube surgeries or hormone imbalance can cause ectopic pregnancies as well. When the IVF treatments are damaged, there is every possibility for ectopic pregnancy to occur. It is rare for women with uterus infection or fallopian tube pelvis to experience ectopic pregnancies. From a medical view, it is clear that STD can as well be the main cause of ectopic pregnancies. With this simple explanation, you can be sure of likely cause of ectopic pregnancies.


Symptoms of Tube Pregnancy

ectopic_pregnancy_375Pregnancy is a fragile and sensitive period a woman undergoes. This condition requires intensive care and medical checkups to sustain and improve both the mother and the child’s life until birth. Most women experience complications during this stage that at times lead to death. Tube pregnancy is one of the complications. This is simply the occurrence of pregnancy in fallopian tube.

This condition is generally known as ectopic pregnancy. This is where the fertilized egg settles and grows in the fallopian tubes. However, this can also occur in other locations like the ovary, abdominal cavity and the cervix. Tube pregnancy leads to internal bleeding caused by the rupture of fallopian tubes as the eggs grow. The following are symptoms of ectopic pregnancy.


These symptoms occur typically six to eight weeks after your normal menstrual period. Some women do not experience any of the following symptoms of a tube pregnancy until the scan shows it. This indicates how important scanning is during a pregnancy.

The first symptom is pain in one side of your abdomen. When this condition becomes severe and persistent, you are advised to seek medical attention. The second symptom is vaginal bleeding, which is different from your normal menstrual bleed. The bleeding occurs when fallopian tubes rapture as the egg grows and may be heavier, brighter, darker, or less vicious.

Other symptoms include nausea, low blood pressure, weakness, dizziness, pale skin, shock, loss of mental alertness and confusion and missed periods. Pale complexion due to blood loss is as a result of internal bleeding. Loss of blood also results to episodes of nearly fainting. Women experience different symptoms and when you know what is normal for your body, seek medical attention whenever you realize abnormality.

Tubal pregnancy is likely to occur if you have a history of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), previous abdominal surgery and ectopic pregnancy, when 35 year and above and when experiencing fertility problems.

Causes of Damaged Fallopian Tubes

The female reproductive system is composed of the fallopian tubes among other essential organs. The fallopian tubes are two thin tubes on each side of the uterus and they lead from the ovaries to the uterus. The main function of these tubes is to aid in delivering the ovum to the uterus for fertilization to occur. Every month an egg travels from the ovaries to the uterus via the fallopian tubes where the egg is fertilized if it comes into contact with spermatozoa. However there are some scenarios where these tubes are blocked therefore blocking the egg from reaching the uterus and this means that the sperm cannot be in contact with the egg either. In this case, there will be no fertilization and in some instances, it causes barrenness or infertility. According to research, damaged fallopian tube contributes to over 40% of infertility cases in women. The extent of the damage maybe partial or full, in partial damage the other tube may deliver an egg and fertilization may occur, however in full there is no egg delivered to the uterus.
Most common causes

There are numerous causes of damaged fallopian tubes, however the most common cases are sexually transmitted diseases or STDs, and PID, or what is commonly referred to as pelvic inflammatory disease. Sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea and Chlamydia can damage the reproductive organs leading to damage of white blood cells and the fallopian tubes. In such cases where the body is unable, to fight the infection the victim often suffers from damaged fallopian tubes. Endometriosis is a condition that is characterized by the growth of uterine wall on the outside region or uterus rather than inside part. This causes scarring and tissue damage and can cause blockage or damage of the fallopian tubes. There are other factors that can cause damage to the fallopian tubes in being ectopic pregnancy, abdominal surgery appendix rapture among others. It is imperative the women go for sexually transmitted disease checkup to avoid reproductive issues.


How To Deal With Fallopian Tube Prolapse

Fallopian tube prolapse is a rare condition; however, it can happen after a hysterectomy. The fallopian tube can either fall into the vaginal sleeve or get trapped in the healing tissue or fall through a vaginal fistula. Both might be extremely terrible and painful. However, treatment for fallopian tube prolapse can rely on the symptoms you indicate and the seriousness of the case.

Symptoms of fallopian tube prolapse can incorporate pain and bleeding during the intercourse, lower pelvic pain, and vaginal discharge with a bad smell. At first, fallopian tube prolapse may be misdiagnosed or mixed up as granulation including the vaginal sleeve, a polyp, endometriosis, a granuloma, or even a harmful injury. Vaginal release from the prolapse may be thought to be urinary problems. To help with any post-op complication analyis and conclusion, it is paramount to keep a clear record in your diary or a journal document that you can impart to your medical group.

When fallopian tube prolapse is diagnosed, treatment may include laparoscopic and/or vaginal surgery to evacuate the fallopian tube. On the off chance that it has prolapsed into the vaginal sleeve, you might likewise require a vaginal sleeve correction. On the off chance that there are any grips which there regularly are, you will additionally require far reaching adhesiolysis, amid which your specialist may decide to uproot all your remaining tubes. The surgery can normally be carried out on an outpatient premise under anesthesia. Depending on the degree of your surgery, recuperation can run from 2 to 6 weeks. In the event that a vaginal sleeve amendment is fundamental, intercourse and showering will be limited comparably to what they were quickly after your hysterectomy.

As always, you need to be certain to seek for a second opinion from your friends before heading into the operation room. Additionally, you need to make sure you have the best specialist and the best surgery sort for your particular or specific situation.