It is a well-known fact that hormones are solely responsible for the overall running of the female ovulation processes. At the beginning of every woman’s monthly circle, the brain sends signals to the pituitary glands notifying it to prepare some eggs. The pituitary gland on receiving the information produces a hormone known as the follicle-stimulating hormone, which signals the ovaries to start the process of maturing the eggs needed to complete the menstrual cycle. Once the estrogen level gets high signaling the readiness of the egg, the pituitary gland provides a luteinizing hormone, which triggers the release of the mature egg by the ovaries. From 24 to 48 hours after the luteinizing hormone surge, ovulation takes place. During this phase of the menstrual cycle, the follicle responsible for the production of the egg known as corpus luteum starts increasing the progesterone level in the body. It is this progesterone that prepares the uterus lining for pregnancy. Once the egg is fertilized, the progesterone levels continue to increase, but in the absence of fertilization, the production of progesterone stops, marking the beginning of the menstrual cycle.
The disruption of any stage of these processes can result in infertility cases in the women. The deficiency of any of these hormones leads to hormonal infertility. Most female infertility cases known today come from hormonal imbalances. Some hormonal abnormalities that can lead to infertility include low thyroid function known as hypothyroidism, high male hormones known as hyperprolactinemia and low progesterone levels. Overproduction of prolactin-the hormone responsible for milk production can disrupt or suppress the ovulation period as well. The inability of a woman’s body to ovulate properly and regulate the production of each of these important fertility hormones can lead to overproduction or underproduction of the hormones thereby leading to infertility. Some symptoms that follow such hormonal imbalances include irregular menstruation, little or excessive bleeding, pelvic and abdominal cramps, excessive weight gain or loss, and the absence of menstruation for a couple of months. Certain factors can be responsible for hormonal imbalances such as thyroid, pituitary and hypothalamus glandular problems. These glands can be disrupted by birth-control pills, diseases like hypothyroidism, and stress. However, these hormonal imbalances can be corrected through proper medical cares.