Diseases of Fallopian Tubes

A number of infections can affect the fallopian tubes thereby affecting their work. Diseases of the fallopian tubes most often cause infertility.
Hydrosalpinx
This disease involves blocking of fallopian tubes that are filled with clear or serous fluid. Given that the tubes are blocked, the disease causes infertility. The primary cause of the disease is pelvic inflammatory disease due to an infection such as gonorrhea or Chlamydia. Other uncommon causes include cancer of the tube, tubal tuberculosis, formation of adhesion from surgery, and endometriosis. This disease increases the risk of an ectopic pregnancy. Some patients may experience symptoms while others can be asymptomatic. Some of the common symptoms are infertility, pelvic pain, and abdominal pain. The disease is usually diagnosed using ultrasonography. Prevention of the disease involves reducing sexually transmitted diseases as well as seeking proper antibiotic treatment of any pelvic infection.
Endometriosis
Endometriosis involves the growth of the tissue, which lines the inside of the uterus, outside the uterus. It may grow in the fallopian tubes, and it is a very painful condition, particularly during periods. However, the exact causes of the disease are not known. Symptoms may include pain during intercourse, heavy periods, painful periods, painful bowel movements, and infertility. Some of the risk factors include a relative with the disease, uterine abnormalities, never giving birth, and a history of pelvic infection. Complications include ovarian cancer and infertility.
Tubal torsion
This disease involves the twisting of fallopian tubes due to hydrosalpinx, fallopian tube cancer, or tubal surgery. Main symptoms are lower abdominal pain, vomiting, and nausea. Treatment involves surgery to cure the problem.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
This is one of the most common diseases of the fallopian tube and the major causes of the disease are sexually transmitted diseases, including gonorrhea and Chlamydia. The disease causes scarring of the fallopian tubes, and it may lead to infertility. It is also associated with ectopic pregnancy.