Fallopian tubes are thin tubes that help lead mature ova from the two ovaries to the uterus. They are two and each connects only one ovary of either side to the uterus. An obstruction in the tubes prevent the ova from moving down the tube and such an occurrence is what is termed as blocked fallopian tubes. The condition can occur on both or one of the tubes. Blocked fallopian tubes account for 40% of the infertility cases in women. To know if the tubes are blocked, one should observe some symptoms that are some typical to the condition. Additionally, one can opt to visit the doctor who will run tests to determine if they are blocked.
Symptoms of Blocked Fallopian Tubes
Fallopian tubes rarely show any symptoms that they are blocked. Hydrosalpinx, a particular condition of blocked fallopian tubes causes unusual vaginal discharge and lower abdominal pains. Some of its causes such as pelvic inflammatory disease and endometriosis at times result in painful sexual intercourse and menstruation. It is, however, unfortunate that not all women show these symptoms and these symptoms are also not specific to blocked fallopian tubes.. It is, therefore, necessary to consult a doctor to know if they are blocked.
Diagnosis of Blocked Fallopian Tubes
Setting up an appointment with a doctor will allow him/her to examine for any obstruction in the tubes. The doctor asks questions about one’s inability to be pregnant, history of sexually transmitted diseases, endometriosis, and pelvic inflammatory disease. All these can be additional causes of infertility other than the blockage. The doctor then performs the following tests:
This is a test done using X-ray that uses a contrast dye. You lie on a horizontal table and the dye is injected through the vagina to the uterus. The doctor then takes X-rays as the dye passes through the uterus and fallopian tubes to provide images of how the tubes are.
- Hysteroscopy Test
While lying on a horizontal table, the doctor inserts a tiny telescope into the cervix and examines pictures relayed on the monitor from the camera. The doctor can then see if they are blocked.
- Laparoscopy Test
A tiny laparoscope is inserted into the abdomen to provide a view of the pelvic region, as well as, the fallopian tubes.
The above tests will all show if they are blocked or not.